A global study in defense of civic space.Scroll to Explore
Today, counter-terrorism and countering violent extremism are being used to target and attack civic space across the globe.
01 / 08In the aftermath of 9/11, the international community through the UN Security Council enacted a zero-risk approach to counter-terrorism.
02 / 08Before that, Member States adopted counter-terrorism treaties and used domestic law to regulate terrorism.
03 / 08These treaties defined terrorist acts under international law and integrated concrete frameworks for human rights.
04 / 08After 9/11, States and transnational bodies gained extensive powers to define and combat terrorism and violent extremism.
05 / 08These powers emboldened the security sector and executive branch in many countries.
06 / 08Member States also reshaped the internal architecture and priorities of the UN.
07 / 08With no globally-agreed definition of terrorism, States have unilateral power to define who is a terrorist or extremist often without consequence.
Program Director, American Bar Association